Millions of individuals worldwide are impacted by the common mental health illness known as depression. It is distinguished by enduring melancholy, pessimism, and disinterest in activities. Depression comes in several forms, each with a unique set of signs and reasons. We will examine the most prevalent type of depression in this article, along with its signs, causes, and available treatments.

What is the Most Common Form of Depression?

Although depression can take many different forms, major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most prevalent kind. MDD, sometimes referred to as clinical depression, is a severe kind of depression that has a major influence on a person’s day-to-day functioning. Individuals who have Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) may feel extremely depressed, hopeless, and uninterested in things they used to like. These symptoms can affect relationships, employment, education, and general quality of life. They last for at least two weeks.

Symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder

Major depressive disorder symptoms might differ from person to person, however, some typical indications are as follows:

1. Extended depressive or empty sensations.

2. A decrease in enjoyment or interest in hobbies.

3. A shift in weight and appetite.

4. Sleep disorders such as insomnia or over slumbering.

5. Exhaustion or low vitality.

6. Extreme remorse or a sense of worthlessness.

7. Having trouble focusing or choosing what to do.

8. Suicidal or fatal thoughts.

It’s crucial to remember that not everyone with depression will show the same symptoms, and that everyone experiences depression differently. A change in their menstrual cycle or a decrease in libido are two other symptoms that some people may encounter. Other symptoms include bodily aches and pains.

Causes of Major Depressive Disorder

Although the precise origin of major depressive illness is unknown, a confluence of biological, psychological, environmental, and hereditary variables is thought to be responsible. Among the frequent reasons and danger signs are:

1. Family history

MDD is more common in people who have a family history of depression.

2. Brain chemistry

Depression may arise due to imbalances in specific neurotransmitters, including dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine.

3. Hormonal fluctuations

Depression risk can be elevated by changes in hormone levels, especially in women going through menopause, pregnancy, or the postpartum period.

4. Traumatic events

Depression can be brought on by undergoing a traumatic incident, such as the death of a loved one, mental or physical abuse, or a significant life transition.

5. Chronic medical issues

Depression is more common in those who have long-term medical disorders such as diabetes, cancer, or heart disease.

6. Substance abuse

Abuse of drugs or alcohol can exacerbate depressive symptoms or bring them on.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder

You must get professional assistance if you feel that you or someone you know is suffering from a severe depressive illness. A comprehensive assessment can be carried out by a mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist, to ascertain whether MDD is present. A physical examination, a review of symptoms, and a discussion of one’s own and one’s family’s medical history may all be part of this evaluation.

Major depressive illness can be treated in several ways after a diagnosis. These might consist of:

1. Psychotherapy: Also referred to as talk therapy, psychotherapy is identifying and addressing the root causes of depression via collaboration with a qualified therapist. Two popular methods are cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy (IPT).

2. Medication: To assist control brain chemistry and reduce symptoms, doctors may prescribe antidepressant drugs like serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

3. Modifications to lifestyle: Frequent exercise, a balanced diet, adequate sleep, abstaining from alcohol and drugs, and all of these things can help with mental health.

4. Support groups: Those who are depressed may find a feeling of understanding and camaraderie by joining a support group or taking part in group therapy.

5. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT): ECT may be suggested for severe depression cases that do not improve with other therapies. This entails delivering controlled seizures to the brain via electrical currents, which may aid with symptoms.

It is crucial to remember that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating depression, and what works for one individual might not work for another. Determining which combination of therapies is appropriate for a particular patient may take some time and patience.


Q: Can depression be treated?  

A: Depression is a very curable disease even though there is no permanent treatment for it. Many persons with depression may significantly improve their quality of life and see a reduction in their symptoms with the correct mix of medication, therapy, and lifestyle modifications.

Q: Is depression a sign of weakness?  

A: No, being depressed does not indicate weakness. It is a neurological illness that may afflict anyone, no matter how strong or morally upright they are. As with any other health condition, it’s critical to have support and assistance when dealing with depression.

Q:  Is major depressive disorder a condition that may strike adolescents and teenagers? 

A: Yes, major depressive illness may strike kids and teens. Depression can strike at any age, including infancy and teenagers. It’s critical to identify the telltale signs and symptoms of depression in young people and to pursue proper therapy.

Q:  Can major depressive disorder lead to other health problems?  

A: Indeed, severe depressive illness raises the chance of developing additional health issues if treatment is not received. Heart disease, diabetes, drug misuse, and compromised immune systems have all been connected to depression. Reducing these risks requires seeking treatment for depression.

Q: Can lifestyle changes alone help manage major depressive disorder?  

A: Exercise, a healthier diet, and getting enough sleep are examples of lifestyle modifications that might improve mental health, but they are frequently insufficient as the only treatment for major depressive disorder. Working with a healthcare professional to create a thorough treatment plan that can involve counseling and/or medication is crucial.

Q: How long does the action of antidepressants take?  

A: Antidepressant medication’s efficacy varies from person to person. While some people may need a few weeks or even months to get the full benefits, others may start to see changes in their symptoms almost away. It’s critical to adhere to the recommended course of therapy and to discuss any worries or lack of improvement with your healthcare physician.

Also Read: Navigating Mental Health: Resources and Support for Women


The most prevalent type of depression, known as major depressive disorder, is marked by enduring melancholy, lack of interest, and a major impact on day-to-day functioning. MDD is thought to be caused by a confluence of genetic, biochemical, environmental, and psychological variables, while the precise origin of the disorder is unclear. Major depressive disorder can be treated with psychotherapy, medication, lifestyle modifications, support groups, and, in extreme situations, electroconvulsive treatment. If you or someone you know is exhibiting signs of major depression disorder, it’s critical to get expert assistance since prompt treatment can improve results and quality of life. Remind yourself that assistance is accessible and you are not alone.

Written by

Dr Hoorain

Hoorain Batul is a passionate and experienced writer specializing in gynecology, obstetrics, fashion, and women's wellness. Hailing from Pakistan, she holds an MBBS degree, having completed her studies in 2011, and has furthered her expertise with FCPS Part 1 and 2. With a deep understanding of women's health and a keen eye for fashion, Hoorain brings a unique perspective to her content, providing valuable insights and empowering women with knowledge to lead healthier and more fashionable lives. Her content is a hub of informative and engaging articles, catering to the diverse needs of women worldwide.